Oral health goes way beyond having healthy and straight teeth. One of the aspects of oral health that you should never neglect is gum health. Since gum diseases are painless for the most part, it can be hard to know when your gums are unhealthy.
If you suspect that you may have gum disease, schedule an appointment with a Fairfield, ME dental office today and get your oral health checked.
How to know if you have gum disease?
Plaque building up along and under the gum line can cause gum diseases. American Dental Association (ADA) says that the common signs that one may have gum diseases are:
- Bad taste or bad breath consistently
- Permanent teeth becoming loose or separating
- Gums bleeding easily
- Red, tender, or swollen gums
- Receding gums
What are the stages of gum disease?
- Gingivitis: this is the early stage of gum disease. In this stage, the gums may be red, swollen, tender, and easily bleed. If you can catch the disease early, it is possible to reverse the condition with basic oral hygiene like brushing and flossing.
- Mild periodontitis: the next stage is marked by inflammation and bleeding around the tooth. The plaque will start building up. Your gums may also begin to pull away or recede from the teeth. At this stage, it is essential to get treatment to prevent loosening or loss of teeth.
- Advanced or Severe Periodontitis: this is the last stage, and in this stage, the plaque build-up may start heavily destroying the bone that holds the teeth in place.
Risk factors of gum disease
Some risk factors can increase the risk of you developing gum diseases. These include:
- Chewing tobacco
- Hormonal changes (mostly in women)
- Some medications and drugs
How can I prevent gum diseases?
Fortunately, gum diseases are preventable – especially in the earlier stages. You can take some steps to prevent gum diseases and improve oral health in general. These include:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day – once in the morning and once before going to bed.
- Use a toothbrush with soft bristles
- Use toothpaste that contains fluoride.
- Floss daily. It helps to remove plaque and food particles stuck between teeth.
- Have lots of food rich in calcium.
- Get more vitamin C.
- If you can, avoid eating sticky sweets.
- Get regular dental cleanings.
- Quit smoking.
Schedule an appointment
Do you think that you may have gum diseases? Schedule an appointment for an oral checkup with an experienced dentist to be on the safe side.